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# Software Development Assignment 3

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SWEN221: Software Development
Assignment 3

1 Introduction
The ChessView system is a simple Java application for viewing chess games written in long algebraic
chess notation. The following shows a screenshot from ChessView:
ChessView has only one window, which allows the user to move forward and backward through
a chess game. The moves of the game, written in long algebraic chess notation, are given in the
rightmost pane of the window; the current state of the chess board is shown in the leftmost pane.
Long Algebraic Notation Long algebraic chess notation is a way for writing down the moves
taken during a chess game. The following illustrates the start of a game in this notation:

Category:

## Description

SWEN221: Software Development
Assignment 3

1 Introduction
The ChessView system is a simple Java application for viewing chess games written in long algebraic
chess notation. The following shows a screenshot from ChessView:
ChessView has only one window, which allows the user to move forward and backward through
a chess game. The moves of the game, written in long algebraic chess notation, are given in the
rightmost pane of the window; the current state of the chess board is shown in the leftmost pane.
Long Algebraic Notation Long algebraic chess notation is a way for writing down the moves
taken during a chess game. The following illustrates the start of a game in this notation:
White Black
e2-e4 e7-e5
d2-d4 e5xd4
Nb1-c3 Qd8-f6
The first move by White, e2-e4, indicates the pawn at position e2 will advance to position e4. When
indicating pawn movement, no piece specifier is given. However, when indicating the movement of
other pieces a specifier is always given. The specifiers are: N=kNight; B=Bishop; R=Rook; Q=Queen;
K=King. So, for example, White’s last move above, Nb1-c3, indicates his Knight moves from b1 to
1
Figure 1: Illustrating the state of a game after 3 rounds.
c3. Finally, a move where one piece takes another is indicated using a x, as in Black’s move e5xd4 —
the (black) pawn at position e5 takes the (white) pawn at d4. Figure 1 shows the state of the board
after the moves in the above game have been made.
There are a number of other moves which can be made during a game of chess, including: putting
a king in check (e.g Qe1-h4+)), castling (e.g. O-O), pawn promotion (e.g. b7-b8=N) and en passant
(e.g. b4xa3ep). If you are not familiar with the rules of Chess, the following links provide an excellent
starting point:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chess
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chess_notation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algebraic_chess_notation
You can also find many other good resources on the Internet regarding the game of chess.
NOTE: you do not need to be any good at playing chess in order to complete this assignment.
Running Chess View
To get started, download the chessview-buggy.jar file from the lecture schedule on the course
website. You will find several example games are provided as well. As usual, you can run the program
from the command-line as follows:
java -jar chessview-buggy.jar
You should see the ChessView window open up and a chess board being displayed. You should
also be able to navigate forward and backward through a game.
2
Queen
isWhite : false
King
isWhite : false
Bishop
isWhite : false
Rook
isWhite : true
King
isWhite : true
Queen
isWhite : true
Rook
isWhite : true
Bishop
isWhite : true
Pawn
isWhite : true
Pawn
isWhite : true
Pawn
isWhite : true
Pawn
isWhite : false
Pawn
isWhite : false
Board
pieces[][] 0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Knight
isWhite : false
Bishop
isWhite : false
Figure 2: Illustrating an example Board object, which contains a 2-dimensional array of pieces. An
empty square is indicated by a box with a slash, and this corresponds to the array cell holding null.
The first element of the row array, and the first element of each column array are unused (marked in
gray). This allows the row numbers to line up with those of the normal chess board. Column a of the
chess board corresponds to index 1 in the column array, and so on for columns b, c, . . . , etc.
Understanding Chess View
When you expand or import the chessview jar file, you should find the following java packages:
swen221/assignment2/chessview/
swen221/assignment2/chessview/pieces/
swen221/assignment2/chessview/moves/
swen221/assignment2/tests/
Some notes on these packages:
• The swen221/assignment2/chessview/ package contains the high-level game classes, including
those for representing the chess board and the game itself.
• The swen221/assignment2/chessview/pieces/ packages contains a class for each of the different chess pieces. These contain code related to the movement of the pieces.
• The swen221/assignment2/chessview/moves/ packages contains a class for each of the different
kind of move that can be made in the game. These contain code related to structuring a move,
and ensuring it is valid.
• The Main class provides a simple Graphical User Interface for the ChessView system. NOTE:
you do not need to modify or fix any code in this package.
3
The class swen221/assignment2/chessview/Board is one of the main classes in the ChessView
system. This is responsible for representing the state of the chess board, including the position of all
of the pieces. This uses a 2-dimensional array to represent the chess board, where each cell in that
array represents a location on the board. The board also provides methods for determining whether a
particular diagonal, horizontal or vertical move will be unobstructed. Figure 2 provides a visualisation
of a simple Board object.
What to Do
Currently, there are a number of tests provided for the chess game in the file ChessViewTests. You
must add tests to this file with the aim of achieving close to 100% coverage using Emma and, in the
process, identify and fix problems in the code. The following illustrates Emma being used in Eclipse:
In this example, we see that the coverage obtained for the class ArraySet is 66.6%.
HINT: The purpose of using Emma is to help you find problems in the code base. These problems
should be relatively clear (based on the rules of Chess) once you have found them, but have been
deliberately obfuscated to make it hard to find them just by looking at the code.
HINT: There are at least ten distinct problems that have been planted in the code base. See if you
can find them all!
HINT: Your submitted code will be marked against a hidden set of test cases which achieves 100%
coverage.
HINT: The viewer supplied is to help you see the games being played. It is not intended to be tested.
4
Submission
Your source files should be submitted electronically via the online submission system, linked from the
course homepage. The minimal set of required files is:
swen221/chessview/Board.java
swen221/chessview/ChessGame.java
swen221/chessview/Position.java
swen221/chessview/Round.java
swen221/chessview/moves/Castling.java
swen221/chessview/moves/Check.java
swen221/chessview/moves/EnPassant.java
swen221/chessview/moves/Move.java
swen221/chessview/moves/MultiPieceMove.java
swen221/chessview/moves/NonCheck.java
swen221/chessview/moves/PawnPromotion.java
swen221/chessview/moves/SinglePieceMove.java
swen221/chessview/moves/SinglePieceTake.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/Bishop.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/King.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/Knight.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/Pawn.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/Piece.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/PieceImpl.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/Queen.java
swen221/chessview/pieces/Rook.java
swen221/tests/ChessViewTests.java
You must ensure your submission meets the following requirements (which are needed for the
automatic marking script):
1. Your submission is packaged into a jar file, including the source code. Note, the jar
file does not need to be executable. See the following Eclipse tutorials for more on this:
http://ecs.victoria.ac.nz/Support/TechNoteEclipseTutorials
2. The names of all classes, methods and packages remain unchanged. That is, you
may add new classes and/or new methods and you may modify the body of existing methods.
However, you may not change the name of any existing class, method or package. This is to
ensure the automatic marking script can test your code.
3. All testing mechanism supplied with the assignment remain unchanged. Specifically,
you cannot alter the way in which your code is tested as the marking script relies on this.
However, this does not prohibit you from adding new tests. This is to ensure the automatic
marking script can test your code.
4. You have removed any debugging code that produces output, or otherwise affects
the computation. This ensures the output seen by the automatic marking script does not
include spurious information.
Note: Failure to meet these requirements could result in your submission being reject by the submission system and/or zero marks being awarded.
5
Assessment
This assignment will be marked as a letter grade (A+ … E), based primarily on the following criteria:
• Correctness (50%) — does submission adhere to given specification.
• Style (50%) — does the submitted code follow the style guide and have appropriate comments
As indicated above, part of the assessment for the coding assignments in SWEN221 involves a
qualitative mark for style, given by a tutor. Whilst this is worth only a small percentage of your final
grade, it is worth considering that good programmers have good style.
The qualitative marks for style are given for the following points:
• Test Coverage. This refers to the final amount of coverage obtained, with full marks being
awarded for 100% coverage.
• Use of Tests. This refers to the number of test cases written for the assignment. Given the
complexity of the problem space, we are expecting a large number of test cases (e.g. around 100
individual test cases).
• Comments. This refers to the use of comments in the written test cases which describe the
test’s purpose. Generally speaking, comments should be used to explain what is happening,
rather than simply repeating what is evident from the source code.
Finally, in addition to a mark, you should expect some written feedback highlighting the good and